Tell Me Ma - Sham Rock
(Trying to sing-along with this song! Ha)
Okay one other thing about the show I saw Monday despite it being two days later
A good way into the second act I caught myself thinking about how the female characters in the musical are all such well-rounded, dynamic, motivated, and interesting characters, and that they all have their reasons for doing what they do, and how I couldn’t possibly hate any of them, not even Nessa
And then the scene after Elphaba’s melting arrived with Glinda arresting Madam Morrible and I just went “Except for her. Fuck Madam Morrible”
I’d be totally down for that! Who would you like me to draw?
there are two types of cute
"aw how adorable" cute
"aw i want to make out with you holy shit" cute
and my goal is to be both of them
World’s languages traced back to single African mother tongue: scientists.
New Zealand researchers have traced every human language — from English to Mandarin — back to an ancestral language spoken in Africa 50,000 to 70,000 years ago.
Scientists say they have traced the world’s 6,000 modern languages — from English to Mandarin — back to a single “mother tongue,” an ancestral language spoken in Africa 50,000 to 70,000 years ago.
New research, published in the journal Science, suggests this single ancient language resulted in human civilization — a Diaspora — as well as advances in art and hunting tool technology, and laid the groundwork for all the world’s cultures.
The research, by Quentin Atkinson from the University of Auckland in New Zealand, also found that speech evolved far earlier than previously thought. And the findings implied, though did not prove, that modern language originated only once, an issue of controversy among linguists, according to the New York Times.
Before Atkinson came up with the evidence for a single African origin of language, some scientists had argued that language evolved independently in different parts of the world.
Atkinson found that the first populations migrating from Africa laid the groundwork for all the world’s cultures by taking their single language with them. “It was the catalyst that spurred the human expansion that we all are a product of,” Atkinson said, the Wall Street Journal reported.
Atkinson traced the number distinct sounds, or phonemes — consonants, vowels and tones — in 504 world languages, finding compelling evidence that they can be traced back to a long-forgotten dialect spoken by our Stone Age ancestors, according to the Daily Mail.
Atkinson also hypothesized that languages with the most sounds would be the oldest, while those spoken by smaller breakaway groups would utilize fewer sounds as variation and complexity diminished.
The study found that some of the click-using languages of Africa have more than 100 phonemes, or sounds, whereas Hawaiian, toward the far end of the human migration route out of Africa, has only 13, the Times reported. English has about 45 phonemes.
The phoneme pattern mirrors the pattern of human genetic diversity as humans spread across the globe from sub-Saharan Africa around 70,000 years ago.
This gives me LIFE from people who insist all languages (ALL no matter what) derive from latin bases.
Reblogging this for three reasons:
1) It’s awesome and worth knowing
2) It makes sense when you think about, you know, the whole history of human development (from a NOT white supremacist perspective at least)
3) To add that if anyone ever tries to say that all languages are derived from Latin [insert choked sound of disbelief and anger] you can inform their ignorant (probably racist) asses of this: Latin, as far as languages go, is an INFANT. It’s part of a subset of Indo-European languages and MOTHERFUCKER EVEN ENGLISH ISN’T ONE OF ITS DERIVATIVES. (French, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, and Portuguese are, as well as lots of their related languages and dialects, that’s it.) Latin isn’t even remotely old enough to be a mother language. It’s like saying alpacas were the original dinosaurs or some bullshit.
HUH! You dont FUCKING SAY?
WILL YOU LOOK THE FUCK AT THAT!
Not surprising, but this is cool information!
Can anyone confirm this? Because this would be such an INCREDIBLY ENORMOUS thing, and I’ve heard NOTHING about it, nor do I know enough yet to back-up or refute the claim, but this is MASSIVE.
Ahh, Quentin Atkinson. We meet again, much to my despair.
This is complete bullshit. This guy is a professor of human evolution and behavior, not a linguist. He is about as qualified to study this as a freshman undergraduate, and it shows in this shoddy and frankly insulting work.
Language cannot be traced back more than about 10,000 years, and you should never believe a non-linguist who says otherwise.
Here’s exactly why it’s bullshit: “Atkinson also hypothesized that languages with the most sounds would be the oldest, while those spoken by smaller breakaway groups would utilize fewer sounds as variation and complexity diminished.” Aside from being a completely unfounded claim, it is also probably a false conclusion. It is sort of true that language complexity decreases out of Africa, on average. Anyone who looks at WALS can tell you this. It requires literally no research. You know what’s a much more reasonable conclusion? Language complexity increases relative to population density. Population density is generally higher the closer you are to the equator. You know where there’s a lot of land on the equator? Africa. You know where there isn’t? Everywhere else. The world’s geography just happens to be laid out so that as you move to land masses farther from Africa, your distance from the equator generally increases. The article mentions that African languages that incorporate clicks have more than 100 phonemes whereas Hawaiian only has 13 - duh, Hawaiian is extremely isolated from other languages, being spoken on a Pacific island chain (the Pacific islands have very small phoneme inventories, due to isolation) whereas African languages exist in a cultural soup. Also, what about the Pacific Northwest, home to languages with very large, ejective-rich phoneme inventories? There aren’t many ejectives in African languages - their phoneme inventories often incorporate implosives, but very few ejectives. This is complexity increasing with distance from Africa.
Sanders actually debunked this particular hypothesis in one Historical Linguistics class. There were at least two more major reasons why it’s bullshit, but I can’t remember them off the top of my head.
In short, never listen to anything Quentin Atkinson says. He’s an idiot right up there with Big Data fanboys.
(Yeah, language probably came from Africa. That doesn’t excuse this shitty “science.”)
Enjolras - ENTJ - the Commander
ENTJs are strategic leaders, assertive,analytical, and objective; motivated to organize change. They are quick to see inefficiency and conceptualize new solutions, and enjoy developing long-range plans to accomplish their vision. They excel at logical reasoning and are usually articulate and quick-witted and seem to have an idea for how a person will fit into their grand scheme from the moment they are introduced.
Combeferre - INTJ - the Mastermind
INTJs are typically reserved and serious, life-long learners, and seem to spend a lot of time thinking. They are curious about the world around them and often want to know the principle behind what they see. They thoroughly examine the information they receive, relate their ideas with confidence, and once they have arrived at a conclusion they fully expect others to see the wisdom in their perceptions.
Courfeyrac - ENFP - the Champion
ENFPs are people-centered creators with a focus on possibilities and a contagious enthusiasm for new ideas, people and activities. Energetic, warm, and passionate, ENFPs love to help other people. Typically agile and expressive communicators, using their wit, humour, and mastery of language to create engaging stories. They prize individuality and consider the pursuit of happiness to be the highest priority in life, both for themselves and for others.
this fucking mentality that you can’t be best friends with your significant other, that romance ruins a friendship, that BOTH FRIENDSHIP AND ROMANCE CANNOT OCCUR SIMULTANEOUSLY kills me like
that’s such a horrible, horrible and unhealthy mentality to have
As a general announcement, if anyone with better/ more diverse fashion sense than I would ever like to draw my Elemental OCs and put them in different outfits, please do
Okay also the sexual tension between Elphaba and Fiyero what *tangible* the entire musical and that made me ridiculously happy
BUT FIYERO ALSO CARED SO MUCH ABOUT GLINDA THAT YOI COULD SEE WHAT AN INCREDIBLE EFFORT IT WAS TO LOOK HER IN THE EYE WHEN APOLOGIZING BUT HE DID IT BECAUSE SHE DESERVED THAT
AND THEN OF COURSE GLINDA AND ELPHABA CARE SO MUCH ABOIT EACH OTHER, I ABSOLUTELY CSNNOT CONVEY HOW POWERFUL FOR GOOD WAS
I’m back from Wicked
There was one male chorus member whose every costume involved a skirt or dress, the G(a)Linda was absolutely charmingly dramatic, the Fiyero was ADORABLE, this show further convinced me of my theory that NessaBoq could’ve been a thing if Boq got his head out of his ass, the crowd cheered when Madam Morrible was ordered away, Dancing Through Life and For Good both had me absolutely floored, I may or may not have been close to tears several times, and I’ve walked out of the theatre shipping the Gelphiyero OT3 like there’s no tomorrow
I am so happy